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28 Genetic Diseases Impacting Your Baby’s Health

Figure 1 from Tobramycin Inhalation Powder (TIP): An Efficient Treatment Strategy for the Management of Chronic Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection in Cystic Fibrosis, published in Clinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine

Some diseases are known to be passed on through genetics from parent to child. Some diseases are also known to skip a generation. This makes knowing your family health a rather important topic for everyone these days. Not only should you understand the health of your parents, but also of your grandparents too. Not knowing what is hidden in your genetic makeup could be costly and even deadly.

1. Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is caused by just one gene mutation. Though the disease is reported to have over 900 variations of mutation, the result is almost always the same. The mutant gene prohibits cells from releasing chlorides which cause mucus secretions to become thick. The result is a chronic cough that can actually strangle you.

2. Crohn’s Disease

The exact cause for Crohn’s disease is not known, but it is known to run in families. The effects of Crohn’s disease on the human body is miserable. This disease affects your intestinal track. Patients suffer from intestinal blockages, extreme cramping, diarrhea that eventually leads to rectal bleeding and death. There is no known cure for Crohn’s disease.

3. Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s is suspected of being a genetic disorder. Parkinson’s disease causes increasingly neurological damage that slowly causes people to decrease in motor function. It starts with a slight trembling that evolves into the inability to walk, write, and eat without assistance.

4. Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease, like Parkinson’s disease is neurological in nature. The difference is that not only do you lose motor function you also experience extreme emotional problems that eventually affect cognitive function. Symptoms can be similar to Alzheimer’s in the later stage.

5. Hemophilia

Slow clotting time causes excess loss of blood in people who suffer from Hemophilia. Extreme cases can cause spontaneous bleeding. The sad part about hemophilia is that life can almost not be enjoyed due to the risk of injury that may cause bleeding.

6. Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle Cell Disease has a high occurrence in African American men. In the USA, this is the most common blood disorder. The result of Sickle Cell Disease is malformed red blood cells that lead to both anemia and blood clots, which can lead to stroke, organ damage, and eventually death.

7. Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a sad disorder. It is caused by chromosomal malfunction, and it is not always inherited. The results of down syndrome are mental retardation, poor muscle tone and coordination. Down Syndrome kids are also prone to respiratory sickness and heart disease. Complications eventually lead to death.
Photo credits by Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License by Libertas Academica

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